[Ger-Poland-Volhynia] German settlement in Orel province, Russia

Howard Krushel krushelh at telus.net
Thu Jan 8 08:28:20 PST 2009

Orel was a province approximately 250 miles north-east of Kiev. The Lutheran
parish of Orel encompassed the entire province.
 This parish was formed in 1865, with the first Pastor being Frederick
Albers who served until 1882, when Alexander Althausen took over and would
have been the parish Pastor when your family moved in.
It appears to have been a small parish with a total of 1400 parishioners in
1904. The distribution of settlers was as follows:
City of Orel-790; city of Jelez and surroundings- 200; Brjansk-50; Liwny-40;
Karatschew and Ssewsk 15, the Latvian colony Ljudinka in the Brjansk
district 60; the Latvian rental village of Djatkowo-50; the manufacturing
center Bjeshiza in the Brjansk district-150 Latvians; and Kasaki in the
Jelez district-20.
Very likely the reason for moving from Volhynia was as a result of the
repressive legislations enacted by the Czarist Regime due to its concern to
the sudden build-up of Germans on the their western border(Volhnyia);to get
away from this pressure the Germans dispersed into many areas of the world ,
including Siberia, and as well, neighboring provinces.
  Why did they chose Orel? Perhaps an estate owner had property in both
Volhynien and Orel; also, often a leader in the community made the move,
thereby encouraging others(including extended families) to follow. Possibly
one of your relatives might be able to enlighten us.
The usual German migration pattern in the Western provinces revolved around
the Clothing industry, where Germans would move into clothing manufacturing
centers and then German farming communities would spring up around these
One last observation, there were good rail line connections from Volhynia to
Orel, Brjansk, Liwny, and Jelez.
Two individuals active in the founding of the Orel parish in 1865 were
Alexander Mickwitz and Adam Klein. 

Howard Krushel 

-----Original Message-----
From: ger-poland-volhynia-bounces at eclipse.sggee.org
[mailto:ger-poland-volhynia-bounces at eclipse.sggee.org] On Behalf Of E. Adam
Sent: Wednesday, January 07, 2009 8:32 AM
Subject: [Ger-Poland-Volhynia] German settlement in Orel province, Russia

Hello: I wonder if anyone has some information regarding the history of
German settlement in and around the province of Orel in Russia?

The war records on Odessa list a great number of people citing "Orel". And
some of the birth dates indicate several generations born in that region. My
family story is that my great-grandfather and others moved from Volhynia to
the area in the early 20th century and founded a German village there called
Kromolin (and variations thereof).

Obviously there were previous German settlements in the area, perhaps of
long standing. Which might provide some context for why my ancestors went in
that direction. If anyone can share some history, it would be appreciated.

My family names in that area are ADAM, DAUSE and WUTZKE, among others. I
have found 28 families that appear to be from Kromolin in the war records.
And some of them appear together in the same area in Volhynia in earlier

Edie Adam
Virginia, USA



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