[Ger-Poland-Volhynia] Results from a visit to Warsaw
cgschott at comcast.net
Sun Oct 3 12:31:50 PDT 2010
My folks had all moved on from Poland to Bessarabia by the 1820s, so Paul,
I'm especially interested in those last 2 items you mention - the Artisans'
Tax List and the Colonist Lists. Were those pretty lengthy documents? I'm
wondering how much it might cost to get copies of those!
Author of "
DKIKX0DER> Yes You Yes Now! Visiting Your Ancestral Town"
Visit my website: www.carolynschott.com <http://www.carolynschott.com/>
Date: Sat, 2 Oct 2010 21:56:33 +0200 (CEST)
From: Paul Rakow <rakow at ifh.de>
Subject: [Ger-Poland-Volhynia] Results from a visit to Warsaw
To: ger-poland-volhynia at eclipse.sggee.org
Message-ID: <alpine.LRH.2.00.1010012053510.8947 at pub4.ifh.de>
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As you may remember, I asked for advice a few weeks ago,
in preparation for a short visit to the main archive (AGAD)
I was exploring a little, to see what I might find. Among
other things I found some tax lists, which could be useful for
anyone with German ancestors in Congress Poland.
Here's a short initial report on what I found, I am thinking
of writing a longer article for the Journal, with more details
about where to find these records in the Archive's Inventory books.
The most useful files I found were reports on the administration
of the Protestant parishes in Congress Poland. This includes things
like the calling of Pastors, the sacking of misbehaving Pastors,
building of churches, detailed inventories of church property,
and financial accounts.
Protestant Church Tax
Between the late 1820s and about 1850 the income side of the
accounts was from a Protestant Church "Income Tax" on the members.
The tax lists were updated every three years. They give a list
of the families contributing to the church, giving occupation and
tax class. It gives an idea of how much money your family was making
- I was surprised that my Huebner ancestors in Ozorkow were in the
second-highest tax band, so they must have been making quite a good
living as cloth makers; many clothmakers were in the lowest
tax band, class 5. Some congregations also list the poor families
who paid no tax, other parishes just miss them out from the list.
It looks like these tax lists exist for most Lutheran parishes
in Congress Poland.
Gross Bruzyca Parish
Howard Krushel asked me to keep an eye open for any records
from Gross Bruzyca parish, the first Lutheran church in the Lodz area.
I found a thick volume (409 pages) of files concerning the Gross Bruzyca
parish 1800-1822 (409 pp). This includes a list of all the members of
the founding congregation, and the call of the first Pastor, with a list
of the congregation members who made their mark on it. Possibly the
most interesting find were the early school reports. (Howard's ancestor
Gottlieb Krushel was an outstanding pupil, who worked very hard).
Protestants living in Lodz
Another interesting find were some lists prepared by the Lodz
magistrates of the Protestants in Lodz, 1854-1863 (Full lists,
1854, 1855, 1856 and 1860 - fragments early 60s.) As well as the
town itself, the lists include a few of the nearby villages, in
particular Nowasolna/Neu Sulzfeld, Lagiewniki, Chojny, Sikawa, Stoki
Lists give the head of the family, and the number of children
in each family.
The government in Warsaw kept track of the finances of all
the larger towns. The first town I looked at, Belchatow, listed
all its taxpayers during the 1820s and 1830s; the list gave the
occupation and tax class, very like the church taxes we've
talked about earlier. However, the next two towns I looked
at, Zgierz and Ozorkow, didn't give detailed tax lists, just
total figures. So, I'm not sure what fraction of town records
will include full lists of individual tax payers.
Artisan's tax, Napoleonic times (1810)
There are a lot of records of an artisan's tax levied in
Napoleonic times, arranged by district (powiat) - the Kreis
from German times. This was a tax on people practising a trade,
(farmers/peasants were not included).
Colonist lists, South Prussia (c 1800)
The Prussians took over large parts of Poland after the second and
third partitions in 1793 and 1795. They soon lost this again, after
Napoleon conquered the area in 1807 and created a Grand Duchy of Warsaw.
I looked at colonist lists from this period of Prussian rule around 1800.
The people in these colonist lists were Germans from states outside
Prussia (for example Wuerrtemberg, Nassau) who were settled in the new
Prussian territories. The Colonist lists don't include Germans who were
already living in these areas during Polish times, or Prussians who
moved into the new lands.
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