[Ger-Poland-Volhynia] Tsarist Draft
benovich at live.com
Tue May 28 09:31:05 PDT 2013
A quick look online turned up for me a page in Boris Mironov, "The Standard
of Living and Revolutions in Russia, 1700-1917". On p. 78 he says that in
the 18th century, military service was required between ages of 17 and 35.
In 1825, the minimum was raised to 18; in 1832, to 20. With the military
reform (universal draft) of 1874, it remained at 20 (attain age 20 by Jan. 1
of year drafted). In 1918 this changed to attaining age 20 by Oct. 1 of the
year drafted, effectively making it 18 3/4. Hence for those born before
1893, the average agof of their induction was 21; for those born after 1893,
average age was 20. In 1918, for obvious reasons, the minimum age was
lowered to 18.
This of course says nothing about the system of exemptions and of further
classifications. But you only asked about the minimum age, and besides, I
don't remember these other regulations, although I have seen them in books.
The info is out there, if you look. Anyway your relatives' leaving at age
19 or 20 is certainly understandable. My dad didn't wait that long. He
left in 1911 at age 17, and he said that avoiding the draft was the reason.
I think he left then because a friend of his was leaving also.
From: DLPratt123 at aol.com
Sent: Monday, May 27, 2013 8:22 PM
To: ger-poland-volhynia at sggee.org
Subject: [Ger-Poland-Volhynia] Tsarist Draft
Can anyone tell me when Volhynian young men would have been subject to
being drafted into the tsarist army? I have in mind the period around
(It seems several of my relatives emigrated at age 19 or 20, even if it
meant the family came later.)
Can anyone recommend a book that would answer similar questions of
interest, including those I can't think to ask?
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