[Ger-Poland-Volhynia] occupation WIRT / WIRTS
marmel at pctcnet.net
Mon May 5 23:20:08 PDT 2014
Occupation Wirt -- I know the answer to this one! Last November I attended
a class in Madison, Wisconsin, USA, about decifering old-German handwriting,
which was sponsored by the Max Kade Institute. I was able to ask the
instructor about this exact occupation of 'Wirt', as I also thought it was
innkeeper but I could not imagine so many, many innkeepers in the same small
village, ha, ha.
It is an abbreviated form of "Ackerwirt" meaning small farmer. I see it in
the Labishin, Schubin, and Exin [Kcynia], Poland Evangelische Kirchenbucher
all the time -- those images are now online at Poland State Archive
Interestingly, in Latin the occupation Wirt is "Colonus", so I think it is a
small-farmer family descendant who had certain guarenteed rights by signed
agreement with the gut, wasser-schloss, or manor nobility for a 100-year
farming contract, to farm the land in exchange for a share of the harvest.
At least, that is how Colono/Colonus was explained to me, that it expired
after 100 years.
I have also seen it spelled WIRTS or WIRTH.
Hope this helps!
in Wisconsin, USA
researching: KOPISKE, ABRAHAM, MASER, HEDKE, GEISE, STEINBACH, LIEBENAU,
More information about the Ger-Poland-Volhynia