[Ger-Poland-Volhynia] "Lithuanian Germans" in Marijampole, Congress Poland (now Lithuania)

Richard Benert benovich at imt.net
Thu Apr 14 15:06:18 PDT 2011


There are smatterings of information about this area in Oskar Kossman, Die 
Deutschen in Polen.  It appears that Mariampol was founded about 1800, along 
with a dozen or so other colonies, by one Graf Lubienski, who named it after 
his daughter, Maria. This is about it for Mariampol.  He says only a little 
more about the Suwalki (Augustowo) Region as a whole.  Following Eduard 
Kneifel, Die Evangelisch-Augsburgischen Gemeinden, he says that a 
significant portion of the colonists in Suwalki  (and in Dambrowka in 
particular) were
Evangelicals who came from Masuria as early as the 1790s. If you read 
German, and can find the Deutsche Monatshefte in Polen anywhere, he cites an 
article from Vol. 4 (1937), pp. 93-99, A. Pockrandt, "Auswanderung aus 
Ostpreussen nach dem heutigen Nordpolen." So you were right about the 
immigration from East Prussia.

How many Germans were there in the region?  In 1810 there were about 20,000 
Evangelicals; in 1865, 25,000 Germans (note the change in categorizing 
them); in 1897, according, I suppose, to the Russian census of that year, 
34,000 Germans.  (However, in a chart at the end of the book, based on a 
counting of 1835, I can tally up only 2,012 Evangelicals in Suwalki 
Province.  I'm not sure what to make of this, unless the 20,000 figure is 
way off base.) One other figure is given for the number of Germans in 
Wilkowischki, Mariampol, Wladyslawow and Suwalki Provinces during W.W. I: 
17,123.  Some Germans in this area seem to have been deported; others not. 
But many may have also just fled the warfront.

There must be other sources for info on this area, but I don't have it any 
at hand.

Dick Benert
From: "Alan Schlosser" <aschlo10 at roadrunner.com>
Sent: Wednesday, April 13, 2011 7:39 PM
To: <ger-poland-volhynia at eclipse.sggee.org>
Subject: [Ger-Poland-Volhynia] "Lithuanian Germans" in Marijampole, Congress 
Poland (now Lithuania)

> Hello All,
> My questions have to do with Germans who settled in what is now Lithuania, 
> specifically around Marijampole which was in the Sulwalki Governorate of 
> Congress Poland.
> I have seen a lot about the Vistula Germans, Volga Germans, Baltic Germans 
> and those that went to Volhynia but not much about this area.  Can someone 
> tell me more about the history of this area?  Were there a lot of Germans? 
> Did they settle here in 1730's because of Salzburg Expulsion or in the 
> 1760's due to Russian invite or was there a continual immigration from 
> East Prussia or other areas?
> To be more specific I am currently back to my gr-gr-grandfather August 
> Schlosser (b: 1867) who was confirmed at the Evangelical Lutheran church 
> in Marijampole in 1881.  I am waiting to view more LDS films to learn 
> about his parents, August & Pauline (Ulrich) Schlosser and his possible 
> grandparents Johann Friedrich & Henriette (Wallbat) Schlösser.  The family 
> of August & Pauline left by 1891 and settled in Waterbury, CT.  Although I 
> believe other family members stayed in the area.
> Thanks for any help,
> Alan Schlosser
> Buffalo, NY
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