[Ger-Poland-Volhynia] Results from a visit to Warsaw
bronklimach at gmail.com
Thu Oct 14 04:19:49 PDT 2010
For now are you able to post more details on the records: a collection name
(maybe in Polish) and a collection no. and a file no. (sygnatura in Polish).
This would probably be of great help for anyone going to the AGAD archives.
On Sat, Oct 2, 2010 at 8:56 PM, Paul Rakow <rakow at ifh.de> wrote:
> Dear All,
> As you may remember, I asked for advice a few weeks ago,
> in preparation for a short visit to the main archive (AGAD)
> in Warsaw.
> I was exploring a little, to see what I might find. Among
> other things I found some tax lists, which could be useful for
> anyone with German ancestors in Congress Poland.
> Here's a short initial report on what I found, I am thinking
> of writing a longer article for the Journal, with more details
> about where to find these records in the Archive's Inventory books.
> The most useful files I found were reports on the administration
> of the Protestant parishes in Congress Poland. This includes things
> like the calling of Pastors, the sacking of misbehaving Pastors,
> building of churches, detailed inventories of church property,
> and financial accounts.
> Protestant Church Tax
> Between the late 1820s and about 1850 the income side of the
> accounts was from a Protestant Church "Income Tax" on the members.
> The tax lists were updated every three years. They give a list
> of the families contributing to the church, giving occupation and
> tax class. It gives an idea of how much money your family was making
> - I was surprised that my Huebner ancestors in Ozorkow were in the
> second-highest tax band, so they must have been making quite a good
> living as cloth makers; many clothmakers were in the lowest
> tax band, class 5. Some congregations also list the poor families
> who paid no tax, other parishes just miss them out from the list.
> It looks like these tax lists exist for most Lutheran parishes
> in Congress Poland.
> Gross Bruzyca Parish
> Howard Krushel asked me to keep an eye open for any records
> from Gross Bruzyca parish, the first Lutheran church in the Lodz area.
> I found a thick volume (409 pages) of files concerning the Gross Bruzyca
> parish 1800-1822 (409 pp). This includes a list of all the members of
> the founding congregation, and the call of the first Pastor, with a list
> of the congregation members who made their mark on it. Possibly the
> most interesting find were the early school reports. (Howard's ancestor
> Gottlieb Krushel was an outstanding pupil, who worked very hard).
> Protestants living in Lodz
> Another interesting find were some lists prepared by the Lodz
> magistrates of the Protestants in Lodz, 1854-1863 (Full lists,
> 1854, 1855, 1856 and 1860 - fragments early 60s.) As well as the
> town itself, the lists include a few of the nearby villages, in
> particular Nowasolna/Neu Sulzfeld, Lagiewniki, Chojny, Sikawa, Stoki
> Lists give the head of the family, and the number of children
> in each family.
> Town Taxes
> The government in Warsaw kept track of the finances of all
> the larger towns. The first town I looked at, Belchatow, listed
> all its taxpayers during the 1820s and 1830s; the list gave the
> occupation and tax class, very like the church taxes we've
> talked about earlier. However, the next two towns I looked
> at, Zgierz and Ozorkow, didn't give detailed tax lists, just
> total figures. So, I'm not sure what fraction of town records
> will include full lists of individual tax payers.
> Artisan's tax, Napoleonic times (1810)
> There are a lot of records of an artisan's tax levied in
> Napoleonic times, arranged by district (powiat) - the Kreis
> from German times. This was a tax on people practising a trade,
> (farmers/peasants were not included).
> Colonist lists, South Prussia (c 1800)
> The Prussians took over large parts of Poland after the second and
> third partitions in 1793 and 1795. They soon lost this again, after
> Napoleon conquered the area in 1807 and created a Grand Duchy of Warsaw.
> I looked at colonist lists from this period of Prussian rule around 1800.
> The people in these colonist lists were Germans from states outside
> Prussia (for example Wuerrtemberg, Nassau) who were settled in the new
> Prussian territories. The Colonist lists don't include Germans who were
> already living in these areas during Polish times, or Prussians who
> moved into the new lands.
> One general point that it might be good to know in advance:
> The Archive have introduced an important new rule in April this year,
> here's what it says on the web-page:
> "According to the after control recommendation of the Head Office of
> Polish State Archives in the Reading Room one could only read the archival
> units with valid pagination.
> Please note, that due to the fulfillment of this recommendation, from
> April 2010, the expectation time for the archival unit, which have to be
> paginated, could last even for two weeks."
> Do you know what it means?
> It took me a little while to figure it out. If you order a document,
> and the pages have already been numbered, you will normally get it the
> same day, or the next day if you order in the afternoon. But if you
> order a volume where the pages aren't yet numbered, they can't give it
> to you until the staff have numbered the pages, which could mean a wait
> of up to two weeks before the document arrives. Inconvenient if you are
> just visiting for a few days. You can't tell in advance whether a
> document has numbered pages or not.
> This has been a long posting, I hope some of you have found
> something useful or interesting in it,
> Paul Rakow
> rakow at ifh.de
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