[Ger-Poland-Volhynia] Translation question

Otto otto at schienke.com
Sun Jan 2 06:46:32 PST 2011

Karen asked:
"I would like to know the meaning of: Kruggerechtigkeit."

Begin here: At the bottom of the Heidelberg U. website's page are  
menus, one can go to the next page or the last page—
click on the URL

A bit more on 'krug' and krüger: Inns and innkeepers, similar to  
German inn or tavern or innkeeper, 'schenke'.

 >"I am wondering about the Low-Saxon-derived family name Kröger. Its  
German equivalent is Krüger. Both mean “innkeeper” or  
“publican” and are based on words for ‘pitcher’ or ‘jug’:  
Low Saxon Kroog (plural Kröge > Krög’), German Krug (plural  
Krüge). In extension, these have come to mean ‘tavern’, ‘public  
(drinking) house’ as well (including Low-Saxon-derived krogi in  

This is analogous to Western Slavic. Originating in Eastern Germany,  
the “German” surnames Kretschmar and Kretschmer are not uncommon  
and occur here in North America as well. (Kretschmer is my maternal  
grandmother’s maiden name, and she was clearly at least partly of  
Sorbian descent.) “Publican” iskorčmar in Modern Upper Sorbian,  
kjarcmaŕ in Lower Sorbian, and krčmár in Slovak. A pub is krčmy in  
Slovak, while the Sorbian cognates seem to be lost. However, Eastern  
German (used in [formerly] Sorbian-speaking areas) still use the  
Sorbian loanword Kretschme, the Yiddish cognate being  
kretshme(קרעטשמע, and ‘innkeeper being kretshmer  
[קרעטשמער]) Apparently, all this goes back to an Old Slavic  
cognate (*krugь?) of the aforementioned Germanic words Kroog and Krug.  
The etymology of these are not clear but may have something to do with  
roundness (e.g. Slavic *krokь ‘circle’).

Old English crōc clearly belongs to this group of words as well. And  
what of Old English crocc and crocca. All of them are supposed to go  
back to Germanic *krogu ‘jug’, ‘pot’ (> Old.Frisian krocha  
‘pot’, Old Saxon kruka, Middle Dutch cruke, Old German kruog  
‘pitcher,’ ‘jug’, Old Norse krukka ‘pot’ (cf. ‘jug’:  
Latviankrūze, Russian diminutive kružka [кружка], the latter of  
which suggests the non-diminutive form *krug(ь))

In addition to Kroog (for the container), Low Saxon has Kruuk < Kruke,  
which German borrowed as Kruke. All this is supposed to go back to  
Middle Dutch cruke which later became kruik. I assume that the Dutch  
surname Cruikschank is the equivalent of Kröger and Krüger, more  
specifically someone that pours libations for others from a jug~<"   — 
R. F. Hahn, Lowlands-L

. . .   Otto
          " The Zen moment..." wk. of January 01, 2011-
                                 "Everything . . .  isasis"

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