[Ger-Poland-Volhynia] Mass Migration, Schadura to Brazil, 1886

Mauricio Norenberg mauricio.norenberg at gmail.com
Mon Apr 6 16:23:42 PDT 2015

Hi Ron,

Very interesting info you have.
Oral story says that one of my families went to Canada as well.
I'm just not sure if they split in Europe or left Brazil to Canada but
probably the latter.

My grandmother left notes of a cousin called Reinhold Henschke who used to
exchange letters between Canada and Brazil. I know that his parents married
in Volhynia, they are Gottlieb Henschke and Emilie Nörenberg.

I have since tried many of the search engines on attempt to find his
migration record to North America without success. Since this migration
probably happened after 1908 I'm not sure if relates to the families you
mentioned but who knows? If you have any hint, it would be great to find
the Henschke family who migrated to North America.

Kind Regards

On 6 April 2015 at 12:30, Ron Neuman <ron at neuman.ca> wrote:

> Several of these families who migrated to Brazil from Volhynia from the
> mid 1880's to 1891 eventually ended up making another major migration from
> Brazil to western Canada (specifically Alberta).  I have found several
> families who made this second migration; however, I can only remember one
> family name.  I'll try to find the others in one of the local history books.
> The first source that mentions the migration from Volhynia to Brazil is
> found in the writings of Bishop Clemens Hoyler of the Moravian Church.  The
> following paragraph is found in his article entitled "A Brief Introduction
> to the History of the Moravian Church in Western Canada."  This article was
> published in the Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society (Volume
> XIV, Parts V and VI) in 1951.
> "When it became evident that the Moravians could not establish independent
> churches in Russia, their leaders began to cast around in other lands where
> there were no government or ecclesiastical restrictions.  Those in Schadura
> were attracted to South America.  Under their minister, Brother Lange, they
> settled in Brazil and founded a colony which they called 'Bruederthal' in
> the state of Santa Catharina.  The climate, though considerably warmer than
> that of Volhynia, was fairly pleasant, but coffee culture on the mountains
> was a new and somewhat doubtful venture for the Volhynians.  After a few
> years their settlement broke up, their minister entered the service of the
> Lutheran Church, and several substantial families joined their brethren in
> Alberta."
> A second paragraph later in the document states "By the time Bruderheim
> and Bruederfeld [Note:  These settlements were in western Canada near
> Edmonton] were organized, their numbers reached a total of 228 souls.  Some
> of the later arrivals came directly from Poland, and a few even from
> Brazil, whither they had first emigrated from Volhynia under the leadership
> of the Rev. Wm. Lange in 1885.  Their colony, located near Joinville, in
> the Province of Santa Catharina, was called Bruederthal.  It was not a
> success."
> My second source is from a local history book (South Edmonton Saga) for
> the farm area on the south boundary of the City of Edmonton, and some of
> the area is currently part of the housing subdivisions of south Edmonton.
> One family who came from Brazil is listed here - the Wolfram family.  The
> eldest son of Jacob and Eva (Schlender) Wolfram was Ludwig Wolfram.  Ludwig
> immigrated to Brazil with his parents at the age of 19 (he was born in
> 1872).  He married Ottilie Albrecht in Brazil, and their oldest son,
> Alfred, was born on January 7, 1902 at Joinville, Santa Catharina Province,
> Brazil.  In 1903 Ludwig, Ottilie and their son, Alfred, were forced to
> leave Brazil due to ill health.  They immigrated to Canada to join Ludwig's
> parents who had immigrated to Canada in 1900.
> Since Ludwig Wolfram married Ottilie Albrecht in Brazil, it would appear
> as if an Albrecht family was also part of the emigration to Brazil from
> Volhynia.
> Ludwig's parents, Jacob and Eva Wolfram, also followed the same migration
> path.  The following is a brief excerpt from their family story in South
> Edmonton Saga.  "The Jacob Wolfram family left Russia in 1891.  The long
> journey was via Germany to Brazil.  After arrival in Brazil, the family
> spent many months in an immigration camp in Rio de Janeiro before being
> allowed to settle in Joinville, Brazil.  In 1900 the family packed their
> belongings and immigrated to the North West Territories where they had
> friends and relatives."
> For those who are not aware of western Canadian history, the provinces of
> Alberta and Saskatchewan were formed in 1905 from land that was formerly
> part of the North West Territories of Canada.
> As I mentioned previously, I do recall that there were at least two other
> families who came to Alberta from Brazil in the early 1900's.  If anyone
> would like to have me find those families, please contact me and I will try.
>   Dear All,
>>      I decided today to look for a several-greats aunt (Blondina
>>  Wagner, geb Gruenke) who, according to family tradition, left
>>  Volhynia to go to Brazil, and later moved  on to Uraguay.
>>      I found her in the Hamburg passenger lists: What surprised me was
>>  that she was part of a very large party, all giving their last residence
>>  as Schadura, Russland (near Volodarsk-Volinsky).
>>      There were 111 Germans from Schadura, all on the ship "Buenos Aires",
>>  leaving Hamburg on the 19th May 1886, heading for the port Sao Francisco
>>  in Brazil, led by the preacher Wilhelm Lange.
>>      With the help of friend google, I think I've found out where they
>>  ended up, in a place called Bruederthal:
>> <http://www.ieclbhistoria.org.br/home/index.php?option=com_
>> content&task=view&id=2794&Itemid=40>
>>     Has anyone previously come across this particular migration before?
>>     Can anyone suggest sources for finding out about the general
>>  history of Bruederthal, or the destiny of particular families in
>>  Brazil?
>>             Thanks,
>>                 Paul Rakow
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